All of these translations I made for use in the classroom. They are for the most part accurate and reliable but not polished. Where I am unsure about a translation, I make that clear in brackets or in footnotes. Feel free to download for your own reading pleasure and distribute for the reading pleasure of others. If something in these translations makes it into a paper or book, that would make me happy, and I’d like to know about it.

Thomas Compton Carleton against Descartes’s rejection of forms: Cursus Philosophicus Universus 3rd ed., Antwerp 1698, disp. 11-12 (selections).

Thomas Compton Carleton was a Spanish trained Jesuit from Cambridge who spent his career teaching philosophy and theology in Belgium. This text contains some entertaining snark, and it reflects a scholastic attitude both towards Descartes as a philosopher and towards Cartesian doctrines. It includes some interesting arguments against Descartes’s mechanical explanation of heat.


Hurtado on truth and (divine) lies

Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza on truth: Universa philosophia, Lyon, 1624, de substantia corporea  animata, d. 9, ss. 1-5, pp. 573-584.

In this text Hurtado defends the unusual view that the truth of a proposition is identical (and therefore essential) to that proposition. The text also includes an interesting discussion of whether or not a proposition can change truth-value. Hurtado says it cannot because a time-index is part of the content of any proposition.

Pedro Hurtado de Mendoza on whether God can lie: Scholasticae et morales disputationes de tribus virtutibus theologicis, vol. 2, De fide, 1631.

Hurtado maintains that God cannot lie, but what this claim amounts to is surprising. Only certain kinds of speech count as lying. So the question whether God can deceive us, say, is very different from the question whether God can lie to us. On Hurtado’s view, God can deceive us in all kinds of ways, since not all deception is brought about by means of speech.